Shaykh Muhammad al-Tahir Ibn Ashur is the most renowned Zaytuna Imam and one of the great Islamic scholars of the 20th century. Ibn ʿĀs̲h̲ūr. ( words)., patronymic of a family of Idrīsid descent and Moroccan origin which settled in Muslim, Spain. It is said that ʿĀs̲h̲ūr, fleeing from. Muhammad al-Tahir ibn ‘Ashur is the author of Ibn Ashur ( avg rating, 12 ratings, 1 review, published ) and Book-in-Brief ( avg rating, 0 rati.

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Responding to modern challenges to Islamic traditions, Ibn Ashur called for substantive reforms in Islamic education. Ibn Ashur claimed that the basis of shari’ah must be rational.

Muhammad Al-Tahir Ibn ‘Ashur – Wikidata

This article has multiple issues. Preferring a solitary hadith over a rational deduction based on context would be problematic. Further, while written words are less subject to distortion, the spoken word is actually more likely to convey the speaker’s intent.

He claimed that the discipline of usul al-fiqh had reached its limits and become over-burdened with methodological technicalities. For example, the mandate of keeping raisin juice in certain kinds of containers comes from the fact that in the heat of the Hijaz the juice would quickly ferment.

Muhammad al-Tahir ibn Ashur was born in Tunis in to an affluent family and died in at age Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. He positioned himself as a bridge between the classical Islamic legal heritage and the needs of a modern world.

However, its intent is universal and so must be intelligible everywhere. He was a teacher at Zaytuna all his life. Ibn Ashur called for ijtihad in the strongest terms.

Ibn Ashur questioned the juridical weight of an isolated hadith in determining legislation. He suggested that comments seemingly to the contrary from Imam al-Shafi’i and Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal must be distortions of their work. When he entered Zaytunacare was made to provide him the best teachers. Because the shari’ah is universal, it must not be restricted to a single culture.


He is famous for rejecting Habib Bourguiba ‘s president of Tunisia request for a fatwa to justify abandoning the fast of the month of Ramadan because it harmed productivity. Muslim scholars of the Maliki School.

He understands verses 9: Ibn Sshur believes that al-Shafi’i was misunderstood as accepting a solitary hadith over the larger context and that Ahmad ibn Hanbal was misrepresented as accepting a weak hadith over qiyas.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. He worried that taking a solitary ahad hadith in isolation from the body of shari’ah would end the quest for understanding in context. June Learn how and when to remove this template message. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page.

Ibn Ashur : Treatise on Maqasid Al-Shariah

His references to the great works of law are respectful, but he does not hesitate to point out shortcomings. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. His strongest argument against it is that the literal occasions that the Zahiri hold onto are quite limited, but that people around the world encounter many more.

Ibn Ashur asserted the view that language is fundamentally ambiguous and is not enough to determine the intent of a speaker. He is best remembered for his Qur’anic exegesis, al-Tahrir wa’l-tanwir The Verification and Enlightenment. Nafip. Ibn Ashur says that a weak hadith is open to error, and qiyas is open to error, but in addition, the weak hadith may be a lie and the consequence of using it would be worse than using qiyas.


He was a writer and author on the subject of reforming Islamic education and jurisprudence. Please improve this article by removing excessive or inappropriate external links, and converting useful links where appropriate into footnote references.

Influenced by a visit to Tunisia by Muhammad Abduh, Ibn Ashur combined knowledge of the classics with a desire to revive Islamic civilization.

Muhammad al-Tahir ibn ‘Ashur (Author of Ibn Ashur)

He said, “One of the greatest things required by the universality of the shari’ah is that its rules be equal for all the communities following it to the utmost extent possible, because similarity in the flow of rules and laws is a help for achieving group unity in the community.

Mohamed Fadhel Ben Achour. One of the most fascinating approaches to the issue of coherence between Qur’an 2: He called for a group of mujtahids from countries around the world, from different madhahib schoolsto address the needs of the community, as the basis for a renewal of civilisation. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification. Views Read Edit View history.

Therefore, the maqasid of the shari’ah must be engaged. This tells us that the law is based on reason.

Ibn Ashur saw this literal-mindedness to be represented by the Zahiri position. However, in Ibn ‘Ashur’s interpretation, 9: The family had shown dedication to the pursuit of knowledge for generations.