Details of the image ‘Coxa vara and coxa valga: diagram’ Modality: Diagram. decreased proximal femoral neck-shaft angle; vertical position of the proximal femoral physis and varus. pathomechanics. coxa vara and. Normal adult value is degrees. A decrease in the. Alsberg’s angle is Coxa vara. Fig 2:Alsbergs Angle and Angle of Inclination of femur. Spencer, p

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Stiffness, Pain, Swelling in Joints 1: It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

The Ganz osteotomy does not actually lengthen the femur, as the Morscher and Wagner approaches do. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Pectus excavatum Pectus carinatum. The effect is to lengthen the femoral neck. Acheiropodia Ectromelia Phocomelia Amelia Hemimelia.

One example is the deformity of the femoral head relative to the neck created by a slipped capital femoral epiphysis can be treated by an intra-articular reduction or osteotomy or an extra-articular reorientation osteotomy. The external fixator pins are placed outside the path of the planned nail.

What are coxa valga and coxa vara?

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Measuremenst are then taken: The more extreme and the more chronic a valva deformity, the more likely there are to be associated soft tissue contractures. If the angle is less than degrees, this is considered to be coxa vara. For more information, see Hip Dysplasia.


File:Coxa-valga-norma-varapng – Wikimedia Commons

This page was last edited on 1 Aprilat D ICD – At the Paley Institute, our approach is to normalize the anatomy and muscle forces while preserving the original anatomic structures. The vakga will include hip range of motion ROMassessment of hip impingement, rotation profile of the femur and tibia, hip flexion and abduction strength, and pain.

Femoral deformity and acetabular dysplasia are often associated with each other. For more information, see Perthes Disease. Coxa valga and coxa vara are deformities of the hip. Among vqlga and joint problems are osteoporosis brittle bonesosteoarthritis degenerative arthritis and gout.

Magnetic resonance imaging MRI can be used to illustrate the soft tissues and assess impingement. In this case study, the acetabulum is abnormal in coxa vara. This human musculoskeletal system article is a stub. Physiopedia articles are best used to find the original sources of information see the references list at the bottom of the article. This example demonstrates that hip dysplasia can be corrected with osteotomy of the femur and not a pelvic osteotomy.

Acetabular dysplasia and femoral anteversion are usually associated with one another. National Athletic Trainers’ Association. The Morscher osteotomy does not change the orientation of the femoral head in the acetabulum and therefore the congruity of the hip joint stays the same.


Intra-articular and extra-articular surgical procedures can be performed to correct intra-articular coxz.

File:Coxa-valga-norma-varasvg – Wikimedia Commons

One example of valgq vara with hip dysplasia is in Congenital Femoral Deficiency. Coxa vara is as a varus deformity of the femoral neck.

There is less danger to the circulation of the femoral head than with the other two approaches because the dislocation helps avoid injury to the femoral head.

Another possible explanation for the high occurrence of coxa vara is the loss of reduction after initial fracture reduction of implant failure in unstable fractures.

It is caused by a slipped epiphysis of the femoral head. There are 3 types Coxa Vara, acquired, congenital and developmental, usually displaying greater acetabular dysplasia and an abnormal acetabulum. Femoral deformity can be secondary to acetabular dysplasia and coda versa.

Developmental Coxa Vara

At the Paley Institute, we offer the most technologically advanced treatment methods, with an emphasis on joint reconstruction and preservation over joint replacement. Congenital coxa vara results in a decrease in metaphyseal bone as valgx result of abnormal maturation and ossification of proximal femoral chondrocyte.

Valgus osteotomy for correction of coxa vara.