COMPLICACIONES DE PARACENTESIS PDF

COMPLICACIONES DE PARACENTESIS PDF

que se insertará el instrumento de paracentesis; Condición abdominal severa . Paracentesis peritoneal es una punción quirúrgica de la cavidad peritoneal para la aspiración de ascitis, término que denota la acumulación. La paracentesis sin embargo no está libre de complicaciones, por lo que es particularmente importante dar coloides como reemplazo, para prevenirla.

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Peripheral vasodilation prevents over heart failure. Surgical portasystemic shunts proved effective in the secondary prevention of variceal bleeding but have fallen into disuse because thay were associated with an increased occurrance of hepatic encephalopathy and did not prolong fife. Clinically evident ascites causes abdominal distention and bulging of the flanks.

Ascites, free fluid in the peritoneal cavity, indicates the presence of serious disease. Diastolic dysfunction is frequently detected in this setting and heart structural changes are being characterized.

Further investigation may be required to determine the cause of the ascites. Mechanical effects on the chest impair cardiopulmonary function and can cause dyspnoea which is relieved by removal of the ascites Table 4. Initial sodium restriction can be modest when diuretics are used simultaneously with intake reduced to about 80 mmol daily by avoiding intrinsically salty food and adding no salt in cooking or at table “no acIded salt diet. They are not wiclely used. In advanced liver disease there is also a reduced ability to excret free water usually associated with a reduced glomerula filtration rate which contributes significantly to the hyponatraemia cornmonly seen in such patients.

Paracentesis by Bruno Braga on Prezi

Gastroenterology 67, The supra-additive natriuretic effect additional of quinethazone paracentewis bendrofflumethiazide during long-term treatment with furosemide and spironolactone. Drugs sometimes contain significant amounts of sodium including some antacids and alginates, aspirin, fybogel, phenytoin and all effervescent preparations.

In these circumstances, ultrasonography is a good noninvasive means of compllcaciones ascites. Decompensated cirrhosis is characterized by decreased arterial blood pressure and peripheral vascular resistances, increased cardiac output and heart rate in the setting of hyperdynamic circulation favoured by total blood volume expansion, circulatory overload and overactivity of the endogenous vasoactive systems.

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Ascites in Hepatic Cirrhosis

Paracentesis, however, needs to be done carefully and with aseptic precautions as it complicaciknes potentially serious complications including bacterial peritonitis and haemoperitoneum. The hepatic sinusoids become ‘capillarised’, by connective tissue progressively in hepatic cirrhosis and are less permeable which accounts for the generally low protein content of ascites in this condition.

Mild hyponatraemia is common in cirrhosis with ascites above and does not require treatment. Alternative antibiotics include other cephalosporins such as ceftriaxone, aztreonane and augmentin amoxicillin-clavulanic acid.

The “puddle sing” is said to be able to detect complicaclones little as ml of ascites Lawson and Weissbeinand a “fluid thrill” is considered very specific.

Puertas peritoneales

Other drugs can promoje renal retention of sodium and these include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroids, oestrogens and metociopramide. Infection, including SBP, is also cornmon following acute gastrointestinal bleeding and these infections paracentesix be prevented by Norfloxacin mg twice daily Rimola et al; It is caused by liver failure leading to complex interrelated circulatory and renal changes resulting in retention of sodium and water and portal hypertension localising pracentesis sodium and water in the peritoneum.

Key words cirrhotic cardiomyopathy, ascites, hyperdynamic circulation. Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis in cirrhosis: El reservorio tiene una cubierta de silicona que puede ser perforada con una aguja especial.

Antibiotic prophylaxis is important to prevent recurrence and liver transpiantation shoulcl be considered. As would expected, impaired free water clearance is associated with hyponatraemia and a poor prognosis Table 2.

Hepatology 3, Gastrointestinal symptoms, headache, drowsiness, skin rashes, impotence and agranulocytosis are uncornmon or rare side- effects. Spironolactone is generally regarded as the drug of choice for longterin treatment, other diuretics are added when spironolactone produces an inadequate diuresis, and bendrofluazide is needed only very occasionally. Abstract Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy has recently gained the dignity of a new clinical entity.

Several such solutions et aland all are effective. The most effective treatment is a third- generation cephalosporin such as cefotaxime 1g intravenously 8 hourly. The clinical features are those of cough, dyspnoea, chest pain or fever in a patient with a pleural effusion, of an associated spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, or of unexplained deterioration in a patients condition.

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Occasionally, sodium restriction alone will allow resolution of ascites, particularly where a precipitating cause has been found and removed, but the great majority of patients require also diuretic drugs. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in cirrhosis: Peritonovenous shunts have been used successfully but are of limited value owing to frequent side-effects Stanley Norfloxacin prevents spontaneous bacterial peritonitis recurrence in cirrhosis: Retention of sodium by the kidneys is the main reason for this increase though renal water retention does occur in more advanced dasease table 1.

Once the transport capacity of the lymphatics is exceeded fluid accumulates in the peritoneal cavity and eventually ascites becomes evident.

Paracentesis Abdominal

Total paracentesis associated with intravenous albumin management of patients with cirrhosis and ascites. Analysis of the pleural and peritoneal fluids shows that both share the features of a transudate, and in difficult cases 99m Tc sulphur colloid injected into the peritoneum can be shown subsequently to accumulate in the pleura Rubenstein et al Treatment is only needed in patients with more marked hyponatraermia and should not be used without good reason as it can only add to the patient’s discomfort.

However surgical portal systemic shunts are complicaiones used for treating ascites as patients with intractable ascites generally have poor liver function and are poor candidates for such major surgical procedures. Riesgos diferidos Se pueden desarrollar dos tipos de infecciones diferidas: Occasionally, infection reaches the ascitic fluid from recognised sources elsewhere in the body and unusual sources include dental infections and the fallopian tubes. Many early paeacentesis are attributable to serious complications such as hepatocellular carcinoma and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, but patients with severe ascites who do not have such complications also often have a poor prognosis.

High protein ascites in patients with uncomplicated hepatic cirrhosis.